DEPARTMENT EPIDEMIOLOGY

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The department of epidemiology was first organized in 1974 in connection with the opening of the institute sanitation department. Appointed to the chair professor Vishev AI The department in years 1974-1990. worked SNA, MD Yanbukhtin FA, MD Professor Sapozhnikov, IV, ass. Simonov VI, Aminev DG, Efimov GE, Bashmakov LS, Abdrakhmanov MM, assistant Grandma LM and senior laboratory Ivanova TG In 1979, Ivanova TG was directed to the target graduate of the Leningrad Sanitary-Hygienic Department, where he works now as a senior teacher of epidemiology. Research interests of staff the department, headed by Associate Vishevym AI, were studies on chlamydial infections, whose results were published more than 20 works. Department as a separate unit existed prior to 1990, and later in connection with the closing of sanitation department has been transformed into a course epidemiology. The course is led by Associate Professor of Epidemiology, MD Efimov GE To work as teachers were involved alumnae hygiene faculty Kondratiev KF and Kaydanek TV The scope of scientific research staff of the course was research on the epidemiology of viral hepatitis B, D, and C gemakontaktnym transfer mechanism, epidemiology of malignant neoplasms and digestive diseases. The results of these studies are protected Doctorate Associate Efimov GE и кандидатские диссертации ассистентами Кайданек Т.В. and Ph.D. theses assistants Kaydanek TV and Kondrateva KF, and seeker of Vorobyev and shamanistic VB Since 2005 the course Epidemiology in connection with the discovery of preventive medical faculty of the newly reorganized into the Department of Epidemiology. Appointed to the chair, Professor, MD Efimov GE — A-student Health RF. Employees of the Department for its scientific researches have made a significant contribution to improving the epidemiological surveillance system for infectious and parasitic diseases in the Republic. They have published a teaching manual «The epidemiology and prevention of occupational diseases, viral hepatitis B, D and C among health workers» (Ufa — 2001), methodical recommendations «The system of epidemiological surveillance epizotologicheskogo echinococcosis. By the order of RF Ministry of Health State Unitary Enterprise «Medicine for You» under the Federal Target Program «Prevention and control of social diseases» methodical recommendations «The organization and content of anti-epidemic measures in the foci of chronic viral hepatitis (St. Petersburg, 2003). The results of the research department published more than 200 papers.

DEPARTMENT EPIDEMIOLOGY

The department with students the five faculties. The department is working hard to organize the educational process. A special place in this work is preventive medical faculty. In working with students of the faculty of the Department is working closely with TU Rospotrebnadzor and federal public health institutions «Center for Hygiene and Epidemiology. On the basis of TU Rospotrebnadzor done work experience students, and clinical epidemiology at the cycle of 6 courses of preventive medical faculty.

Head: :
DEPARTMENT EPIDEMIOLOGY
Yefimov was born George Yemelianovich Sharansky area BASSR, born in 1946. In 1971 he graduated from the Bashkir State Medical Institute. XV — Anniversary of the Komsomol. 1971 — 1974 years of postgraduate studies in microbiology, after which until 1978 served as assistant chair of epidemiology, defended his thesis on the topic: «Study of pathogenicity factors Pr.mirabilis». In 1979 — 1988 years. Senior Fellow CSRL BSMU, then during the year head. Department of Immunology Evpatorian branch of All-Union Scientific Research Institute of balneology and physiotherapy. Since 1989, GE Yefimov worked as head. Heading Epidemiology BSMU. In 2000 he defended his doctoral thesis on the topic: «Epidemiology of viral hepatitis B, C and hepatocellular carcinoma in areas of environmental risk. Since 2005, the head. Department of Epidemiology BSMU. Scope of scientific interests is the epidemiology of infectious and noninfectious diseases of mass. He has more than 200 published works, is an excellent student of Health RF.

Kaydanek Tamara V.
DEPARTMENT EPIDEMIOLOGY
Born in with. Mesyagutovo Duvanskogo area BASSR.
In 1983 he graduated from high school with. Mesyagutovo. In the period 1984-1990 he worked. studied at the sanitary-hygienic faculty Bashgosmedinstituta. Since 1992, the assistant, since 2001, Art. lecturer and since 2004 — Associate Professor of Epidemiology Bashgosmeduniversiteta. In 1999 she defended her thesis on the topic: «Peculiarities of the epidemiology of hepatitis B in areas with different ecological characteristics.» Area of scientific interests is the epidemiology of malignant neoplasms associated with infection. He has more than 130 published works.

Teacher Shagieva ZA
DEPARTMENT EPIDEMIOLOGY

POVOPROSNAYA PROGRAM EPIDEMIOLOGY FPM 6 courses
GENERAL EPIDEMIOLOGY (for exam Epidemiology)

1. Defining science of epidemiology. The contribution of domestic scientists DS Samoilovich, DC Zabolotnoho L.V Gromashevsky, VA Bashenina, II Elkin, EN Pavlovsky, VD Belyakov and others in the development of epidemiology.
2. Basic concepts of general pathology in relation to the population level of organization of life. The structure of modern epidemiology as general medical science, its object, method, target.
3. The evolution of views on the subject of epidemiology: epidemic, epidemic process, the incidence (population level manifestations of pathology). Place of epidemiology among other medical sciences, in practical health care and medical education.
4. The method of Epidemiology: definition, structure (descriptive-evaluative, analytical, experimental). Types of organizations epidemiological studies. Errors (systematic, random) and confounding factors in epidemiological studies. Ways to address them.
5. The descriptive and evaluative studies in epidemiology: the objective, the problem (the symptom of disease — the level, dynamics, spatial characteristics, structure). Formulation of hypotheses about possible risk factors based on the techniques of formal logic.
6. Analytical studies in epidemiology: the purpose, types (cohort, case-control «), content. Basic statistical methods used in these types of studies. Epidemiologic risk: definition, absolute, relative risk.
7. Experimental studies in epidemiology: the purpose, types (controlled experiments, randomized controlled trials, uncontrolled experiment, «natural» experiment, «physical» modeling of the epidemic process), content.
8. Classification of infectious diseases in humans based on ecological and phylogenetic closeness of pathogens.
9. The epidemic process. Definition, its essence. The reasons and conditions for forming the morbidity and its consequences. The notion of causality in epidemiology.
10. Interval (incidence) and torque (pain, frequency of latent disease, infestation, seropositivity, prevalence) rates, content.
11. Sections of the doctrine of the epidemic process and their relationship. Factors (cause and circumstances of) the epidemic process.
12. The mechanism of development of the epidemic process. Components of the epidemic process (the source of the causative agent, the ways and factors of transmission, susceptibility). The mechanism of interaction of populations of parasite and host.
13. Sources of infections. Definition, classification. Epidemiological importance of various sources of infection in anthroponotic diseases. Definition of «reservoirs of infection», «boss».
14. The mechanism of transmission of infections. Definition. Classification. Types of transfer mechanism.
15. Factors and routes of transmission of infections. Definitions. Classification (primary, intermediate, final, specific, non-specific, major, minor).
16. Types of epidemics. Epidemiological characteristics of water, food, food or water, vector-borne epidemics.
17. Basic tenets of the theory, EN Pawlowski on natural foci of infectious diseases. The value of the natural environment in the development of the epidemic process. SP 3.1.084-96 «Prevention and control of communicable diseases, common.
18. Internal self-regulation of the epidemic process. The concept of the heterogeneity of the populations of the parasite and host. The phase character of variability of populations in the process of interaction. The regulatory role of the social and natural conditions.
19. Characteristics of the traditional manifestations of the epidemic process (endemic, exotic, epidemic and sporadic disease, epidemics and epidemic outbreak). Quantitative indicators of health. The distribution of disease in the territory, among different population groups and over time.
20. Definition of the disease area. The method aims and methods of examination epidemic focus. Contents epidemiological diagnosis from a survey of the fire.
21. Immunoprophylaxis of infectious diseases. Legal framework (rights and duties of the state and citizens) in accordance with the Federal Law «On immunoprophylaxis of infectious diseases» No 157 of 17.09.1998, the Federal Target Program «Vaccine». Expanded Program on Immunization of WHO.
22. The concept of susceptibility and immunity. The importance of immunity in the development of the epidemic process. Methods for assessment of immunity. Use of serological reactions and allergic skin tests in epidemiological practice.
23. Organization of vaccination case. Planning, recording and reporting of preventive vaccination. National Calendar vaccination. Health Ministry Order No 229 from 27.06.2001g.
24. Characteristics of existing vaccines. Vaccines of the future. Requirements for the quality of vaccines. Conditions of storage and transportation of vaccines. Indications and contraindications for the vaccine. Inoculations.
25. Mechanisms of the immune response to the vaccine. The difference between the primary immune response from the secondary. The concept of a booster effect. Criteria for evaluating the effectiveness of immunization.
26. Vaccines of killed microbial cells. Definition. Description (vaccine against tuberculosis, polio, measles, mumps, tularemia, brucellosis). Indications, contraindications, efficacy.
27. Vaccines of killed microbial cells and toxoids. Definition. Description (DTP — vaccination, Td, DT, AD-M toxoids, vaccines against typhoid, cholera, encephalitis, influenza, rabies). Indications, contraindications.
28. Immune Serum and Immune. Classification. Indications (tetanus, antidiphtheritic serum; immunoglobulins: measles, influenza, rabies, etc.), prevention of complications.
29. Postvaccination reactions and complications. Contents of the extraordinary reports of post-vaccination complications. The list of post-vaccination complications, entitling citizens to obtain government lump-sum benefits (articles 18-21 of the Federal Law «On immunoprophylaxis of infectious diseases» No 157 of 17.09.1998).
30. Preventive and control measures. Definition: general structure, grouping, and content of preventive and anti-epidemic measures.
31. Legal basis of public health.
32. The legal basis of the Epidemic.
33. Legal and ethical aspects of anti-epidemic practice in connection with the peculiarities of the epidemiology of infectious (parasitic) disease.
34. The procedure for registration and accounting of infectious patients in medical institutions and FGUZ «Center for Hygiene and Epidemiology.

PRIVATE epidemiology.

1. General characteristics of infections with airborne transmission mechanism. Nosological forms.
2. Influenza and SARS. SARS (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome, SARS). Etiology. The mechanism of development and manifestation of the epidemic process, preventive and control measures. Organization epidemiological surveillance. SP 3.1.2.1319-03 «Prevention of influenza.» Guidelines MU 4.2.2136-06 «Organization of the laboratory diagnosis of diseases caused by highly virulent strain of avian influenza virus type A (VGPA), in humans.
3. Measles. Case definition. Etiology. The mechanism of development and manifestation of the epidemic process, preventive and control measures. Organization epidemiological surveillance. SP 3.1.1176-02 «Prevention of measles, mumps and rubella. MU 3.1.2.1177-02 «Surveillance for measles, mumps and rubella».
4. Mumps. Case definition. Etiology. The mechanism of development and manifestation of the epidemic process, preventive and control measures. Organization epidemiological surveillance. SP 3.1.1176-02 «Prevention of measles, mumps and rubella. MU 3.1.2.1177-02 «Surveillance for measles, mumps and rubella».
5. Rubella. Case definition. Etiology. The mechanism of development and manifestation of the epidemic process, preventive and control measures. Organization epidemiological surveillance. SP 3.1.1176-02 «Prevention of measles, mumps and rubella. MU 3.1.2.1177-02 «Surveillance for measles, mumps and rubella».
6. Streptococcal infection (sore throat, scarlet fever, rheumatic fever, erysipelas, etc.). Etiology. The mechanism of development and manifestation of the epidemic process, preventive and control measures. Organization epidemiological surveillance. SP 3.1.2.1203-03 «Prevention of streptococcal (group A) infection. MU 3.1.1885-04 «Surveillance and prevention of streptococcal (group A) infection.
7. Diphtheria. Case definition. Etiology. The mechanism of development and manifestation of the epidemic process, preventive and control measures. Organization epidemiological surveillance. SP 3.1.2.1108-02 «Prevention of diphtheria. MU 3.1.1082-01 «Epidemiological surveillance of diphtheria infection.»
8. Whooping cough and parakoklyush. Case definition. Etiology. The mechanism of development and manifestation of the epidemic process, preventive and control measures. Organization epidemiological surveillance. SP 3.1.2.1320-03 Prevention pertussis infection. MU 3.1.2.2160-07 «Surveillance of pertussis infection.»
9. Meningococcal disease. Case definition. Etiology. The mechanism of development and manifestation of the epidemic process, preventive and control measures. Organization epidemiological surveillance. SP 3.1.2.2156-06 «Prevention of meningococcal disease.
10. Tuberculosis. Etiology. The mechanism of development and manifestation of the epidemic process, preventive and control measures. Tasks Epidemic service in tuberculosis prevention. Organization epidemiological surveillance. PO 3.1.1295-03 «Prevention of tuberculosis. Federal Law No 77 «On prevention of tuberculosis in Russia.»
11. Poliomyelitis. Case definition. Etiology. The mechanism of development and manifestation of the epidemic process, preventive and control measures. Organization epidemiological surveillance. SP 3.1.1.1118-02 «Prevention of poliomyelitis, PO Z.1.1.2343-08» Prevention of poliomyelitis in postsertifikatsionny period, the ME 3.1.1.1119-02 «Surveillance of poliomyelitis and acute flaccid paralysis.
12. HIV — infection, AIDS. Case definition. Etiology. The mechanism of development and manifestation of the epidemic process, preventive and control measures. Organization epidemiological surveillance. Order No 170 «On measures to improve prevention and treatment of HIV infection in Russia» from 16.08.1994, the Order No 295 «On introduction of the mandatory medical examinations for HIV and a list of employees for individual occupations, industries, enterprises, institutions and organizations undergoing compulsory medical examination for HIV «from 10.30.1995, the
13. Viral hepatitis A, E. Etiology. The mechanism of development and manifestation of the epidemic process, preventive and control measures. Organization epidemiological surveillance. SP 3.1.958-00 «Prevention of viral hepatitis. General Requirements for Surveillance of viral hepatitis.
14. Viral hepatitis B, D. Etiology. The mechanism of development and manifestation of the epidemic process, preventive and control measures. Organization epidemiological surveillance. SP 3.1.958-00 «Prevention of viral hepatitis. General Requirements for Surveillance of viral hepatitis, PO 3.1.1.2341-08 «Prevention of Hepatitis B».
15. Viral hepatitis C. Etiology. The mechanism of development and manifestation of the epidemic process, preventive and control measures. Organization epidemiological surveillance. SP 3.1.958-00 «Prevention of viral hepatitis. General Requirements for Surveillance of viral hepatitis.
16. General Characteristics of infection with fecal-oral mechanism of transmission. Nosological forms.
17. Shigellosis. Case definition. Etiology. The mechanism of development and manifestation of the epidemic process, preventive and control measures. Organization epidemiological surveillance. SP 3.1.1.1117-02 «Prevention of acute intestinal infections».
18. Colibacteriosis. Case definition. Etiology. The mechanism of development and manifestation of the epidemic process, preventive and control measures. Organization epidemiological surveillance. SP 3.1.1.1117-02 «Prevention of acute intestinal infections».
19. Typhoid fever and paratyphoid fever. Case definition. Etiology. The mechanism of development and manifestation of the epidemic process, preventive and control measures. Organization epidemiological surveillance. SP 3.1.1.2137-06 «Prevention of typhoid and paratyphoid.
20. Salmonellosis. Case definition. Etiology. The mechanism of development and manifestation of the epidemic process, preventive and control measures. Organization epidemiological surveillance. SP 3.1.086-96 «Salmonellosis».
21. Cholera. Case definition. Etiology. The mechanism of development and manifestation of the epidemic process, preventive and control measures. Organization epidemiological surveillance. SP 3.1.1086-02 «Prevention of cholera. General Requirements for Surveillance of cholera.
22. Typhus. Brill’s disease. Case definition. Etiology. The mechanism of development and manifestation of the epidemic process, preventive and control measures. Organization epidemiological surveillance. Order No 342 «On strengthening measures for the prevention of epidemic typhus and anti-lice» from 29.12.98 PM
23. Malaria. Case definition. Etiology. The mechanism of development and manifestation of the epidemic process, preventive and control measures. Organization epidemiological surveillance. ME 02/03/1756 — 03 «Surveillance of parasitic diseases», SP 3.2.1333-03 «Prevention of parasitic diseases in Russia.»
24. Tick-borne encephalitis. Etiology. The mechanism of development and manifestation of the epidemic process, preventive and control measures. Organization epidemiological surveillance. SP 3.1.3.2352-07 «Prevention of tick-borne viral encephalitis.
25. Hemorrhagic fever (Omsk, Crimean hemorrhagic fever, hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome, Lassa fever, Ebola, etc.). Etiology. The mechanism of development and manifestation of the epidemic process, preventive and control measures. Organization epidemiological surveillance. SP 3.4.2318-08 «Sanitary Protection in Russia». SP 3.1.099-96 «Hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome».
26. Rabies. Case definition. Этиология. Etiology. The mechanism of development and manifestation of the epidemic process, preventive and control measures. Organization epidemiological surveillance. SP 3.1.096-96 «Rabies».
27. Plague. Case definition. Etiology. The mechanism of development and manifestation of the epidemic process, preventive and control measures. Organization epidemiological surveillance. SP 3.1.7.1380-03 «Prevention of Plague.
MU 3.1.1098-02 «Organization and conduct surveillance of natural foci of plague in the territory of Russia.
28. Tularemia. Case definition. Etiology. The mechanism of development and manifestation of the epidemic process, preventive and control measures. Organization epidemiological surveillance. SP 3.1.097-96 «Tularemia.» MU 3.1.2007-05 «Surveillance for tularemia.
29. Brucellosis. Case definition. Etiology. The mechanism of development and manifestation of the epidemic process, preventive and control measures. Organization epidemiological surveillance. SP 3.1.085-96 «Prevention and control of communicable diseases common to humans and animals. Brucellosis. MU 3.1.7.1189-03 Prevention and laboratory diagnosis of brucellosis people.
30. Anthrax. Case definition. Etiology. The mechanism of development and manifestation of the epidemic process, preventive and control measures. Organization epidemiological surveillance. SP 3.1.089-96 «Anthrax».
31. Leptospirosis. Etiology. The mechanism of development and manifestation of the epidemic process, preventive and control measures. Organization epidemiological surveillance. SP 3.1.091-96 «Prevention and control of communicable diseases common to humans and animals. Leptospirosis. MU 3.1.1128-02 «Epidemiology, diagnosis and prevention of diseases of human leptospirosis, SP 3.1.091-96» Leptospirosis «.
32. General Characteristics sapronoses. Legionellosis. Etiology. The mechanism of development and manifestation of the epidemic process, preventive and control measures. Organization epidemiological surveillance. MU 3.1.2.2412-08 «Surveillance of Legionella Infection.
33. Nosocomial infections (HAI). Definition. Pathogens, epidemiological grouping, the concept of «hospital strains». Conditions and characteristics of hospital environment conducive to the emergence of nosocomial infections.
34. The main categories of sources of nosocomial infections (HAI). Ways in transmission of nosocomial infections. Symptoms of the epidemic process. Risk Factors. Epidemiologic surveillance. Preventive and control measures.
35. Nosocomial salmonellosis and kolienterity. Definitions. The causative agents, mechanism of development and manifestation of the epidemic process. Risk Factors. Preventive and anti-epidemic measures. The system of epidemiological surveillance.
36. Infection of surgical intervention. Standard case definition. Etiology. The mechanism of development and manifestation of the epidemic process. Risk Factors. Organization epidemiological surveillance. Events in the pre-, intra — and postoperative period. MU «Surveillance of nosocomial infections» USSR Ministry of Health of 02.12.1987, the
37. Urinary tract infections. Case definition. Etiology. The mechanism of development and manifestation of the epidemic process. Risk Factors. Preventive measures. Organization epidemiological surveillance.
38. Infections of blood flow. Definition. Etiology. The mechanism of development and manifestation of the epidemic process. Risk Factors. Preventive measures. Organization epidemiological surveillance.
39. Nosocomial pneumonia. Case definition. Etiology. The mechanism of development and manifestation of the epidemic process. Risk Factors. Preventive measures. Organization epidemiological surveillance.
40. Requirements for the provision of information on cases of disease (or suspected cases) quarantine diseases, contagious viral haemorrhagic fevers, malaria and other dangerous infections.

PARASITOLOGY and disinfection BUSINESS.

1. Disinfection work. Institutional and legal aspects of disinfection of the case. The structure of the Federal State Unitary Enterprise disinfection of the Russian Federation.
2. The concept of disinfection, it differs from sterilization (OST. 42-21-2-85). Types of disinfection, objectives and methods of disinfection.
3. The content of the main provisions of the order MH No 254 «On the development of disinfection business in the country.
4. Stages and methods predsterilizatsionnoy processing of medical devices (disinfection, cleaning). Quality control of disinfection and cleaning.
5. Sterilization products and medical supplies. Methods of sterilization. Quality.
6. Central sterilization department (CSDs). Duties and functions of CSDs, the device and organization of work. Monitoring the health of CSDs.
7. The main requirements of sanitary-hygienic and anti-epidemic in the health facility. (Laundry treatment disinfection of hands, cleaning).
8. General requirements for safety when working with disinfectants. First aid for poisoning disinfectants.
9. Chemical disinfectants, their characteristics, methods and conditions of use. Apparatus for disinfection. Monitoring the effectiveness of disinfection.
10. Disinsection. Methods of vector control agents of infectious diseases. Main insecticides, their characteristics and conditions of use. Apparatus.
11. Deratization. Types deratization works. Methods and means deratization in nature and human settlements.
12. Disinfection and disinfestor. Purpose. Types of cameras. Design and mode of operation. Monitored cameras.
13. Classification of instruments and objects of care and recommended methods of decontamination.
14. Sanitary-epidemiological requirements to prevent introduction and spread of quarantine diseases.
15. Animals as a source of infection. The concept of zoonoses. Epidemiological importance of home, polusinantropnyh and wild animals.
16. Live vectors of pathogens. Methods of transmission of pathogens by arthropods (contamination, inoculation).
17. Protozoal intestinal infestation (amebiasis, balantidiasis, cryptosporidiosis, giardiasis). The mechanism of development of the epidemic process. Preventive and anti-epidemic measures. MU 3.2.1756-03 «Surveillance of parasitic diseases.
18. Intestinal helminthiasis. Epidemiologic classification. The mechanism of development and characteristics of the epidemic process. The content and organization of preventive and anti-epidemic measures in helminthiases. Surveillance of intestinal helminthiasis. MU 3.2.1756-03 «Surveillance of parasitic diseases.
19. The role of arthropods in the epidemiology of infectious diseases. Biological characteristics of disease vectors.
20. Disinsection in the prevention and combating head lice and scabies. MH Order No 342 «Prevention of typhus and combating head lice.»

MILITARY EPIDEMIOLOGY.

1. Anti-epidemic work stages of medical evacuation, its essence. «Strict» anti-epidemic.
2. The sanitary and epidemiological survey, the definition of the problem of the order, requirements for sanitary and epidemiologic exploration. Surveillance and epidemiological surveillance.
3. Criteria for assessing successful, unstable, poor and emergency sanitary-epidemiological status of troops and terrain.
4. Bacteriological survey, the definition, the problem of medical service.
5. Indication of biological weapons, the definition. Indication of nonspecific and specific. Scheme specific indication.
6. Methods of sampling air, soil, water and other objects in the environment for a specific indication.
7. Methods for the specific indication (the method of fluorescent antibodies immunoadsorbtsionnye methods), their essence.
8. Features of the mechanism of development and manifestations of artificially induced epidemic process.
9. Antibacterial protection of the troops, a definition. Activities carried out under the threat of biological attack, at the time of use of biological weapons and the elimination of the effects of these weapons.
10. Principles of anti-epidemic population in extreme situations.

SYSTEM EPIDEMILOGO-Epizootological SURVEILLANCE echinococcosis (Guidelines for health workers and veterinary medicine).
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