Department of Hospital Therapy was organized in 1936 g.professorom DK Tatarinov , then it was headed by Professor Z.Sh. Zagidullin. In 1973, the department has been reorganized, based on it were created Department of Hospital Therapy No 1 (Head of Department Professor B.H Akhmetov) and the Department of Hospital Therapy No 2 (head professor Z.N Bulyzhenkova).
The first Head of Department of Hospital Therapy No 2 has become docent ZN Bulyzhenkova. Since 1974, under the guidance of Professor FS Khusainova developed problems hemostasis under the influence of professional factors. Since 1986, the department manages, MD Professor, Honoured Doctor of Russia, Honoured Scientist RB Davletshin RA Since 1986, the main lines of research have become modern aspects of rheumatology, immunology, pulmonology. Employees of the department under the guidance of Professor Davletshina RA developed the problem of immunoregulation in rheumatology. We study the phenomenon paromehanizm hormone during prolonged corticosteroid therapy. It was possible to link this phenomenon with immunogenetic features of features in rheumatoid arthritis. The authors proposed a number of methods for overcoming and preventing hormone. In particular, Associate Professor RA Nurmuhametovoy a method for inhibition of steroid receptors somatotropin synovial tissue; MD AM Mukhametova first proposed the method of induction of interferon thymic factors in exacerbations of rheumatoid arthritis. Associate Professor IA Sharipova the first time in rheumatology studied feature D2 – receptor of the hypothalamus and dopaminergic regulation of prolactin. Recommended method of inhibition of prolactin secretion in the active phase of rheumatoid inflammation.