DEPARTMENT OF CHILD INFECTION
CALCULATION OF HOURS FOR SECTIONS AND TOPICS total for the course: 262; of them: Lectures – 42 Workshops – 47 workshops – 42, CDS – 131. No p / n. Topic name Total-Lectures-practical. classes, workshops, CDS. 1 Introduction to 2-2 ———. – 2 — 8-2-2 Scarlet fever. 4 3 Measles, rubella 8-2-2 — 2. 4 Varicella 5-1-1 — 3. 5 Herpetic infection 1 —— — 1. 6 pseudotuberculosis 4 — 1 — 3. 7 Differential diagnosis of diseases associated with syndrome exanthema 8-2 — 4-2. 8 Infectious mononucleosis 8-1-1 — 6. 9 Diphtheria 04/02/1912 —. 6 10 Differential diagnosis of diseases accompanied by syndrome of angina 8-2 — 4-2. 11 Meningococcal disease 8 — 2 —. 6 12 Poliomyelitis 5-2-1 – -2. 13 enterovirus infection 2 — 1 — 1. 14 Mumps 7 — 2 — 5. 1915 defeat of the central nervous system in infectious diseases in children 8-2 — 4-2. 1916 Flu Parainfluenza 7 — 2 — 5. 17 Adenovirus infection 7 — 2 — 5. 18 croup syndrome in infectious diseases in children 8-2 — 4-2. 19 Whooping cough, parakoklyush 8 — 2 — 6. 20 Treatment of infectious diseases in ambulatory conditions. Organization of hospital at home 5-2-2 — 1. 21 Shigellosis 8-2-2 — 4. 22 colibacteriosis 8-2-2 — 4. 23 Emergency conditions in the clinic of intestinal infections. Toxicosis with exsicosis. 14-2-2-6-4. 24 Salmonellosis 6 — 2 — 4. 25 Typhoid 6 — 2 — 4. 26 Features of clinical manifestations of DCI in infants 8 — 2 – 4-2. 27 DCI staphylococci 6 — 2 — 4. 28 AII caused by conditionally pathogenic flora 5 — 1 — 4. 29 Dysbacteriosis intestine 8-2 — 4-2. 30 Viral diarrhea 6 — 2 — 4. 31 Etiotropic therapy AII. Methods of laboratory diagnosis. Epidemiology. 2 — 1 — 1. 32 Viral hepatitis A and E-9 — 2 — 7. 33 syndrome of jaundice. Diff. Diagnosis of hyperbilirubinemia 6 —— 4-2. 34 Viral hepatitis B, C, D 9 — 2 — 7. 35 Heavy and malignant forms of viral hepatitis 8-2 — 4-2. 36 Prevention SH. Epidemiology 6 — 2 — 4. 37 Clinical examination. San.-spa treatment 4 ——— 4. 1938 Hrognicheskie hepatitis in children 8-2 — 4-2. 39 HFRS in children 2-2 ———. 1940 HIV infection in children 2-2 ———. 1941 Vaccine childhood infections Vaccination schedule 2-2 ———. TOTAL 262-42-47-42-131 plan of practical lessons 6 courses with students of pediatric faculty name cycle / Cycle / Independent Practice / Seminar topics 1. Acute intestinal infections / 10-12 days / Curatio 2-3 patients. Doing medical history of the disease, making diagnosis and vypisnyh Epicrisis, the appointment of the regime, diet and treatment. Conversations in the department, the report of a patient on rounds. Implementation of practical skills. Duty. / 1. Etiology, characteristics of clinical manifestations, diagnostic techniques, treatment guidelines. 2. Dysbacteriosis. 3. Toxicosis syndrome with exsicosis. 2. Viral hepatitis / 8-10 days / 2-3 Curatio patients. Doing medical history of the disease, making diagnosis and vypisnyh Epicrisis, the appointment of the regime, diet and treatment. Conversations in the department, the report of a patient on rounds. Implementation of practical skills. Work in dispensary room. / 1. Syndrome of jaundice in children. 2. Chronic hepatitis. 3. Heavy and malignant forms of viral hepatitis. 3. Air-respiratory infection. Treatment of patients in outpatient / 16-18 days / Curatio 2-3 patients. Doing medical history of the disease, making diagnosis and vypisnyh Epicrisis, the appointment of the regime, diet and treatment. Conversations in the department, the report of a patient on rounds. Implementation of practical skills. Duty. Making a plan of action anti-epidemic measures at the source of infection. / 1. Croup syndrome. 2. Syndrome of angina. 3. Exanthema syndrome 4. The defeat of the central nervous system infections during childhood 5. Differential diagnosis and treatment principles of SARS. INDICATIVE PLAN OF RESEARCH STUDENTS IN THE FACULTY No Topics Wirz (Executive). 1 Preparation of demonstration records of patients with intestinal infections (ND Kuvatova). 2 Preparation of demonstration records of patients with airborne infections ( TD Prosvirkin). 3 Preparation of demonstration records of patients with viral hepatitis (NG Ayupova). 4 Analysis of case histories of patients who died (in tech. years Assistants). 5 Preparation of abstracts of communications on scientific conferences and journals (B tech. years Assistants). 6 Preparation and delivery of lectures and interviews with parents of sick children (in tech. years Assistants). 7 Participation in the preparation of the annual report and analysis of the offices of the base hospital (teaching assistant). 8 Conducting clinical dissections of patients (in tech. years, associate professor). 9 Development and creation of tables, slides, demonstration material (in tech. years, assistants). 1910 Preparation and updating of the case stands: Air-respiratory infections Intestinal infections Viral hepatitis (NG Ayupova ETC . Prosvirkin ND Kuvatova). 11 Participation in an intra-examination of medical records (in tech. years, assistants). 12 Analysis of case histories of children with various pathologies (in tech. years Assistants). Graph mining students missed classes one Egorov VB – Saturday, 11-14 hours. 2 Kuznetsova EV – Monday, 14 – 15 hours. 3 Kuvatova ND – Tuesday, 14-15 hours. 4 Mamon MA – Wednesday, 14 – 15 hours. 5 Ayupova NG – Thursday, 14 – 15 hours. 6 Prosvirkin ETC – Friday, 14-15 hours. Elective courses at the department conducted two elective courses: 1. Outpatient care infectious patients (35 hours), 2. Emergency conditions in the clinic of infectious diseases in children (35 hours). Suggested Elective courses are intended for in-depth study of the most important parts Infectology: – Prevention, control measures and clinical examination of children who have had infectious diseases. Children of infection by number of cases occupy a leading position in pediatrics. The trend to reduce the overall incidence is noted. One of the important directions in the doctor – a pediatrician is to prevent childhood infections. Correct and timely diagnosis can avoid complications and make the necessary anti-epidemic measures in the hearth. – Emergency therapeutic services to patients. Emergency conditions in the clinic childhood infectious diseases without a doubt are a very important issue for physicians of all specialties and especially for pediatricians. It is the development of life-threatening complications, and identifies the main causes of mortality from childhood infections. In connection with the above knowledge of the early clinical manifestations and the principles of laboratory diagnostics allow doctors time to conduct adequate emergency therapeutic measures. RECOMMENDED READING MAIN: 1. Uchaikin VF, Nisevich NI, Shamsheva OV. Infectious disease and vaccination in children .- M., 2006. 2. Uchaikin VF, Nisevich NI, Shamsheva OV. Infectious disease and vaccination in children .- M., 2007. 3. Typical test tasks (for the final state certification), specialty 0402 \”Pediatrics\” .- Moscow, 2006 4. Uchaikin VF Guidelines for Pediatric Infectious Diseases. -M., 2003. 5. Uchaikin VF, Nisevich NI Infectious diseases in children .- M., 1990. ADDITIONAL 1. Pokrovsky VI, Pak SG Communicable diseases and epidemiologiya.-M., 2007. 2. Clinical recommendations. HIV infection and AIDS. – M., 2007. 3. Yushchuk ND Lectures on Infectious Diseases. – M., 2007. 4. Murray D. Infectious diseases in children. -M. 2006 5. Skripchenko NV Infectious diseases of the peripheral nervous system in children. -M., 2006 6. Sprigings D. Emergency medicine. – M., 2006 7. Timchenko VN Infectious diseases in children. – SPb., 2006. 8. Uchaikin VF Guidelines for Clinical Vaccinology .- M., 2006 9. Zhidkov YB Infusion – transfusion therapy for infectious diseases in children and adults. – M., 2005 10. Uchaikin VF Yersiniosis in children. – M., 2005 11. Timchenko VN Parasitic infestation in practice pediatrician. – SPb., 2005 12. Timchenko VN Evolution of pertussis infection in children. – SPb., 2005. 13.Timchenko VN, Levanovich VV, Mikhailov IB Diagnosis, differential diagnosis and treatment of childhood infections .- SPb., 2005 14. Chlamydia UV The practice of laboratory research in infectious diseases. – SPb., 2005. 15. Shuvalov EP Infectious diseases .- M., 2005 16. Sorokina MN Viral encephalitis and meningitis in children. – M., 2004.. 17 Collection of mandatory prescriptions for infectious diseases. – Ufa, 2004. 18. Uchaikin VF The results of post-registration study cycloferon drug as a treatment for viral hepatitis in children. – M., 2004. 1919. Chlamydia UV Masks of infectious diseases. – SPb., 2003 20. Enaleeva D.Sh. Chronic hepatitis B and C. – M., 2003 21. VV Krasnov Infectious mononucleosis. – SPb. 2003 22. Chlamydia UV Guide for Infectious Diseases. – SPb., 2003 23. Polyakov VE Helminthiasis in children and adolescents. – 2003 24. Uchaikin VF, Nisevich NI, Cherednichenko TV Viral hepatitis A to TTV. -M., 2003. 25. Infectious diseases in children. Ed. V V Ivanova .- M., 2002. 26. Timchenko VN Infectious diseases in children. – SPb., 2001. 27. Zmushko EM Errors in the diagnosis of infectious diseases. – SPb., 1996. 28. Kovaleva LM, Lanz AA, Lakotkina O. Tonsillitis in children. – SPb., 1995. 29.Sorinson SN Infectious diseases in outpatient practice. – SPb., 1993. 1930. Acute neuroinfections children. / Guide for Physicians, ed. AP Zinchenko. – L., 1986.
Head of Department: Egor VALERY BORISOVICH Egorov VB works at the Department of Pediatric Infectious Diseases in 1989, and as assistant professor from 1993 to September 2000, Acting Head of the Department of Pediatric Infectious Diseases. Associate Professor Egorov VB to fully implement its plan of training load, read the full course of lectures on child infectology, conducts seminars and workshops with students of medical and pediatric departments. Lecture material he presents problem, using modern data, specific examples of practices that are shown slides, transparencies. His is a free, emotional style of lecturing, clear diction and speech culture, broad general scope and erudition. The undoubted teaching abilities characteristic of the ongoing Egorov VB workshops, where clarity of setting educational goals, the ability to activate a cognitive activity of students doing these courses interesting and informative. He published only 306 articles from them in the central press – 52, over the past 5 years – 50 articles during the reporting period which in medical practice 1915 introduced its own proposals. Egorov VB in 1997, planned, and in 2000 he defended his thesis for the degree of Doctor of Medical Sciences. Being a highly qualified specialist, Egorov, VB performs a large amount of medical advice to children. He conducts routine rounds and consultation in the core facility, children\’s hospitals and clinics Ufa. Egorov VB co-author published a manual for physicians and guidelines for infectious diseases: parenteral viral hepatitis \”,\” Clinical observation of convalescents viral hepatitis \”,\” Antiretroviral therapy and the acute and chronic viral hepatitis. Egorov VB has good organizational skills, hard work and dedication. Its reasonable demands, responsiveness, accessibility, friendliness remain favorable climate. Egorov VB enjoys well-deserved prestige and great respect in communities of the department and hospital No 4. The staff of the department is methodical center to help children with infectious pathology in the country each year issues as infectious life and death of children reported to the board of the Belarusian Ministry of Health in pediatrics. Continuing acts immunological Commission for MH RB commission to review cases of VAP and poliomielitopodobnyh diseases in the country. The department staff has repeatedly traveled to the cities and regions to assist with practical health care, peer evaluations in cases of complaints and deaths (Messrs. Beloretsk, Salavat, Neftekamsk, Kumertau, Meleuz, Akyar, Sibai, Birsk, Belebey Belokataysky, Tatyshlinsky and other areas).. In addition, members of the department participated in the liquidation and analyzing the causes of infectious disease outbreaks in the city of Ufa, Bashkortostan. Only in the city of Ufa in the period from 2002 to 2007 . PM Department staff consulted 9717 children 269 children were consulted during field visits to the cities and regions of Belarus. Force chair during 2002 to 2006. carried out 10 scientific-practical conference for physicians. Employees of the department being reviewed by certification affairs practitioners. Quarterly Chair of the Department is working in the evaluation commission of Pediatrics and Communicable Diseases. During 2002 – 2007. the department staff in the daily practice of infectious diseases service in 1934 introduced the proposal. As a highly qualified specialist, Egorov, VB performs a large amount of treatment – advice for children. He conducts routine rounds and consultations in the core facility, children\’s hospitals and clinics Ufa, cities and regions of Belarus. Ushakov, Irina Andreevna assistant professor Ushakov IA In 1964 she graduated from Medical Faculty of the Bashkir Medical Institute. Her professional experience started in the town of Sterlitamak in post infectious diseases doctor. Two years later was transferred to the 4-th infectious diseases hospital Ufa first resident physician, then head of the department. She graduated from clinical internship in a research institute in Leningrad (1967-1969gg). Again, further work in the 4 th Hospital of Infectious Diseases Ufa as head of the diphtheria-diagnostic department. In 1970, the period of increased gastro-intestinal diseases, on the instructions of the RSFSR Ministry of Health within two months she worked in Novorossiysk, Krasnodar awarded a Diploma Krayzdravotdela. The following year she worked at the outbreak of cholera in Ufa. The department of children\’s infectious diseases BGMI began working as an assistant since 1971 in February 1975, she defended her thesis on the topic: \”Some problems of diagnosis of dysentery sonnei in children.\” Elected to the post of associate professor in December 1979 Since 1986, the Acting Head. Department, and in 1987 she was elected to contest the post of Head. Department of Pediatric Infectious diseases epidemiology. During 16 years as a freelance children\’s infectious diseases MH republic of Bashkortostan. During the work twice traveled to the town of Nukus Karakalpanskoy republic to provide practical assistance and conduct refresher courses paediatricians in the HFC Pediatrics BGMI. Associate Ushakov IA is a highly qualified specialist, formed a teacher, meeting high standards, and delivers lectures to students and pediatric medical faculty, students HFCs. Her lecture appreciated by students and doctors differ Infectology deep knowledge and modern scientific achievements, attract more affective and clarity of exposition. Ushakov IA As a highly skilled (in 1991. She was awarded the highest category of infectious diseases doctor) does a great medical advisory work. It systematically conducts consultation, clinical rounds at the base facility, emergency consultations on the city of Ufa, through the \”air ambulance\” in towns and districts of the republic. Constantly involved in analysis of epidemic outbreaks of infectious diseases. As a senior specialist, Ministry of Health leading Republican specialized center for infectious diseases in children, Ushakov IA provides specialized, organizational, methodological and advisory assistance to cities and districts of the republic of Bashkortostan. Questions prepared by, for infectious diseases in children, mortality, annually presented and discussed on a small board of HM RB. In recent years, Professor Ushakov IA headed by immunological commission under the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Bashkortostan. For services in the field of national economy of health in 1991. Ushakova IA was awarded the honorary title \”Honorary Doctor of the Bashkir SSR. Ushakov IA has professional experience – 42 years experience in academia -35 years. She is a regular participant of congresses infectious diseases, make presentations, poster presentations. During his time – it published 254 articles, of which the central press -61. Associate Ushakov IA enjoys well-deserved reputation among students, staff Medical University, doctors of the republic. Over the years in the position of child infectionist the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Bashkortostan have been some successes in infectious diseases service, as follows: the state of material and technical basis of infectious hospitals has improved significantly, the availability of beds was infectious -13,0 to 10 thousand child population, indicators of infectious disease in RB lower than in Russia. Under the guidance of IA Ushakova\’s work was done to reduce infectious disease so. eliminated diphtheria in children, not recorded cases of polio since 1993, as a result of active work carried out by childhood immunization. Increase the level of immunization coverage of children of the first year of life. A major contribution by Professor Ushakov IA with personnel, security infectious diseases in the country enough. Training is carried out through an internship, clinical training, refresher courses IPO. Over the many years of fruitful work and Ushakov IA have been repeatedly awarded with diplomas of the University and the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Bashkortostan. She was awarded the title \”Honorary Doctor of Russia\”. Prosvirkin Tatiana assistant professor Prosvirkin Tatiana, born in 1962, and in 1985 she graduated with honors from the Pediatrics Department of the Bashkir State Medical Institute, and after the internship, she worked in the 4 th of infectious hospital in the city of Ufa – first resident physician, and then headed the department. Since 1991, Prosvirkin T . D. works at the Department of Pediatric Infectious Diseases BSMU, conducts classes with students of 5-year medical faculty, and 6 of the course of pediatric faculty. In 1996, Prosvirkin ETC defended her thesis on the treatment of viral hepatitis B in children in the Central Research Institute of Epidemiology in Moscow. Prosvirkin ETC director of studies department, she published 98 scientific and methodical work. Prosvirkin ETC – Infectious diseases doctor the highest category, provides advice in the cities and districts of Bashkortostan on line sanaviatsii repeatedly drove on the instructions of Ministry of Health of Belarus to the verification of infectious service. Conducted lectures at medical institutions of the city of Ufa, speaker at the society pediatricians and infectious disease, as well as preparing information material on topical issues of child infectology for health workers and population. KUVATOVA Nuria DINISLAMOVNA assistant professor Kuvatova ND graduated from the pediatric faculty of the Bashkir State Medical Institute in 1982. The distribution was held an internship in pediatrics in an urban children\’s hospital Kamensk-Ural and 3 years served as the head of the department in a children\’s regional hospital, the Tavda Sverdlovsk region. In 1987 – 1992 years. trained in residency at the Department of Pediatric Infectious diseases epidemiology BGMI and graduated with a degree in children\’s infectious diseases \”. In 1992 – 2002 years. assistant, since 2002 Associate Professor of Pediatric Infectious Diseases BSMU. Kuvatova ND – Highly skilled, Honored Doctor RB, successful, is responsible for the department to work together with health authorities. Since 1987, performs therapeutic and advisory work on the basis of the ME Ufa CBI No 4, participates in consultation, clinical rounds, carries out planned and emergency consultations in hepatitis, intestinal, and other diagnostic departments, in the ICU base clinic. During the summer holidays, Acting Director of the Children\’s Department. Conducts medical advisory work in hospitals Ufa – emergency hospital No 22, RCCH, RDPNTS. For 20 years regularly travel through the air medical service in the cities and regions of Belarus to provide emergency medical advice to infectious patients. Performs expert work – dealing with complaints, reviews medical records, certification of physicians\’ work – the students IPO, conducts medical and preventive work during infectious disease outbreaks. Actively participates in scientific conferences Belarus and Russia, in meetings of the society in infections, makes reports on topical issues of child infectology. Attended the I and V-ro Congress pediatricians and infectious disease in Russia in 2002 and 2006. in Moscow. In 1989, according to the order of the USSR Ministry of Health for the provision of practical assistance to the Uzbek health drove in the epidemic. Brigade in Karakalpakstan. Work teams were awarded with diploma and award MH UzSSR. By providing practical help in the infectious department organized a regional hospital intensive care ward and introduced a method of oral rehydration in acute intestinal infections in children. Kuvatova ND qualified teacher, has a good theoretical and practical training. Her lectures and workshops differ richness, accessibility, presentation, meeting high standards. Constantly improve their professional qualifications. For many years, led the production practice of students of Pediatrics, Medical Faculty BSMU City Clinical Hospital No 18, RCH them. GG Kuvatova, based Krasnousolsk, Tolbazinskoy, Karmaskalinskoy CRH. In 1997 Kuvatovoy ND defended his Ph.D. dissertation on the topic: \”Peculiarities of the thyroid, and clinical and biochemical status in viral hepatitis B in adolescents.\” currently working on his PhD, leads the search work on the problem of viral hepatitis. Together with doctors ME Ufa CBI No 4, other hospitals of Ufa and the Republic of Belarus is introducing new methods of diagnosis and treatment of viral hepatitis. Kuvatovoy ND co-authors have published more than 100 printed scientific and methodical works. Rat has a 7. Proposals and 2 patents in collaboration with physicians RCC GKB No 18 of Ufa. For her professional activity has thanks from Rector BSMU for the excellent work, good performance of the duties, achievements. Ufa city council decision in March 2005 awarded with the diploma of the city Ufa for long-term fruitful work in the health care system, a great contribution to public health, professional excellence and active participation in public life. Ayupova Nellie GABDRAHMANOVNA assistant lecturer Ayupova NG Born 1939, graduated from the Medical Faculty of the Bashkir State Medical Institute in 1963. His career path started by a doctor – neurologist in the clinic No 8 Ufa city. then in the cardiac VTEK. Since 1967 he started working as infectious diseases in 4 Infectious Diseases Hospital. After the clinical internship in 1971 Ayupova NG was elected to the post of assistant to the department of children\’s infectious diseases BGMI, where he works for now. Nellie Gabdrahmanovna is a highly qualified specialist in the chosen field of medicine. Given the high professionalism, great services to the practical public health, she in 1990 was awarded the highest category of infectious diseases doctor. Deep knowledge of the specialty, a great practical experience allow her to solve the most difficult problems of diagnosis and treatment of infectious patients. Assistant Ayupova NG an established teacher, a high-level lectures pediatricians, infectious disease specialists, trainees HFCs population. Its messages are different in-depth knowledge Infectology, modern scientific achievements. His knowledge and experience she generously passes to students and colleagues. Ayupova NG conducting rounds in assigned department, urgent advice on the city of Ufa, through sanaviatsii in towns and districts of the republic. The base clinic, it was modern methods of diagnostics, treatment, clinical examination of patients with meningococcal disease, as well as the method of extracorporeal immunofarmokoterapii with purulent – sepsicheskih diseases. NG Ayupova working infectious diseases over 30 years, making a significant contribution to the infectious diseases service of the republic. Thus indicators of infectious disease in the Republic of Belarus for many years lower than for Russia. The country eradicated diphtheria, poleomielit, measles cases were isolated. Greatly increased coverage prfilakticheskimi vaccination of children up to 95%, which helps to reduce infectious disease. All this became possible thanks to the active work of all infectious diseases, including respected Nellie Gabdrahmanovny Ayupova. Thanks to the improved diagnosis of viral hepatitis, introduced into the practice of PCR, new methods of treatment with antiviral drugs, viral hepatitis B. vaktsinoprfilaktika Ayupova NG is one of the most experienced teachers, carries enormous methodological and scientific work. She has published 100 scientific papers. In addition to the high professional skill, assistant Ayupova NG always distinguished by great human qualities – warmth, responsiveness, high sense of duty, the ability to come to the aid of anyone. \”A light to others, I burn myself\” – this phrase laid the whole essence of Ayupova Nellie Gabdrahmanovny, highly qualified, teacher and a wonderful person. During a long and fruitful work Ayupova NG repeatedly awarded diplomas of the University and the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Bashkortostan. She was awarded the title \”Honorary Doctor of the Republic of Belarus\”. Mamon Marina Andreevna assistant lecturer Mamon MA has BGMI in 1992. After graduation he enrolled in clinical studies on children\’s department of infectious diseases. After that, she worked in children\’s infectious diseases clinic No 6 Ufa. In 1998, received a doctorate from the Institute of Epidemiology Moscow on the topic: \”Clinical and pathogenetic study of hemostasis and renal excretory function in patients with hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome in a complex therapy with niglizina. Since 1998 works at the Department of Pediatric Infectious Diseases BSMU as an assistant. Teaching experience – 9 years total experience – 15 years. Has the first qualification in the specialty category \”Infectious disease.\” Practical training with students of 5 th year medical faculty and the 6-th year of pediatric faculty. Conducted lectures for practitioners based outpatient clinics of the city on children\’s morbidity of infectious pathology. Mamon MA . maintains an active research work, taking part in organizing and conducting educational, scientific and practical conferences BSMU. Participated in the form of publications in the form of publications in scientific conferences in Russia. Has published 36 scientific and educational works. Since 2004 he is head of pediatric practice for students of the Faculty BSMU. During work Mamon, MA has established itself as a conscientious, responsible worker, hard working and diligent, demanding to themselves and students, friendly, correct, is respected among students, faculty members and practitioners.
Department of Pediatric Infectious Diseases based at the Hospital of Infectious Diseases No 4 Ufa address: Str. Zapotocky, 36. How to get traffic to stop \”Park Yakutova.\” In connection with the discovery in 1961, Faculty of Pediatrics, it was necessary to teach children\’s infectious diseases. Among the members of the Department of Childhood Illness (Head of the Department, Professor E. Tretyakov) teaching in this section was entrusted assistant MD
LV Makarova. She gave lectures and practical training for an initial medical treatment, and subsequently in 1966 and the pediatric department. In the same year in teaching including doctors NA Kasimov, who defended the first on the faculty thesis for the degree of Candidate of Medical Sciences in 1969. Subsequently to the teaching of infectious diseases in children was invited to a doctor AD Tenisheva, and in 1970 assistant MP Sokolov. Since September 1971 has been allocated a separate course of childhood infections. In the same year of the course includes highly qualified specialists, trained in the residency on the basis of the Leningrad Institute of childhood infections – IA Ushakova, Ph.D. in 1975, NG Ayupova, V. Shishova. As the growth and formation of pediatric faculty in 1974, the course was transformed into the Department of Pediatric Infectious diseases epidemiology. Appointed to the chair professor LV Makarova. In the same year, after finishing graduate school and the defense in Moscow, members of the department became SI Mamon. LV Makarova successfully defended in 1977 a thesis for a doctorate, in 1979 gets the title of professor. Later Dept. expands – in 1983 joined the teaching of the MD FG Iskhakov and AN Kirshin. Since 1986, the department manages professor IA Ushakov. Composition of the department underwent dynamic changes, some teachers left the department, in their place came the young. So the department staff were doctors, MA Borkovskaya, BA Svyatskaya, ETC Prosvirkin, ND Kuvatova. After graduating in 1989, the target postgraduate on the basis of the Leningrad Institute of childhood infections became an assistant department VB Egorov. Successfully defended his thesis after the absentee Graduate Assistant BA Svyatskaya. Not stopping there, Svyatskaya BA brilliantly defended his doctoral thesis at SMU became a professor at the Department of Children Infectious Diseases of the University.
Staff of the department in 2008 The main objective of the department since its inception has been a training-methodical work. The bulk of this section of work falls on the IA Ushakova – Head of the Department since 1986. Improving the quality of education in medical school is associated with the decision of the major methodological problems. Optimization of the educational process provides a comprehensive improvement of the existing and creative development and implementation of new forms and methods of teaching and support work. In practical training focuses on the formation of one of the most important skills – communicating with infectious patients. The department uses situational tasks, clinical reviews of, the test evaluation, seminars, programs are mezhkafedralnye (exanthema syndrome in children with viral hepatitis in children with croup syndrome children, meningitis in children). The department of children\’s infections have accumulated some experience on the use of situational problems in the learning process and control the level of knowledge of students. Finding the right solution in a certain situation develops the creativity of future specialists, develops skills of independent decision-making. The department applied situational tasks of varying degrees of complexity. The complexity of their increases with the volume of the studied material on the discipline. Decision situational problems will intensify the use of existing knowledge, increase motivation to assimilate the learning material and can acquire the skills of creative problem solving for the conditions of independent work. One of the main purposes of teaching at the Department of childhood infections is the development of students\’ clinical thinking. One form of active learning is a simulation of professional situations in which a student must perform the functions and duties of a specialist. The most appropriate ways of learning are presented to students, which is of paramount importance not only to the amount of information obtained, but also to develop research and behavioral skills in situations as close to real. In the educational process at the Department of Pediatric Infectious Diseases BSMU along with other methods Study using a business game with a decision multilevel situational tasks. Such problems are devoted to issues of emergency conditions that arise when certain diseases (eg, an infectious-toxic shock in meningococcal infection, croup syndrome, etc.). The first level is devoted to the primary tasks of examination the patient at home, act local doctor and the doctor of the ambulance. The second level of the problem – the patient is in the receiving department of infectious hospital and specialized units. Need to interpret laboratory data obtained, a preliminary diagnosis, to identify therapeutic measures. Organizes business game as follows. Students previously proposed theme of the forthcoming games, then the lesson, the teacher distributes a number of students \”actors\”: \”GP\”, \”the emergency doctor,\” an infectious diseases doctor, and others (in line with those in a real situation, as described in problem). The teacher plays the role of \”referee\”, tactfully korrigiruya the debate and its outcome. When properly organized to discuss the game involves not only the \”actors\”, but also students of the group. The game takes an interesting emotional. Of course, this can be achieved only if the relevant motivational attitudes in students. As a result of the business game are attained the following objectives. First, when dealing with the situation and prepare for the game, students improve skills and get new information on the discipline (depending on the specific situation). Second, develop standards of conduct and deontological principles of collegial communication between clinicians themselves. Third, clinical skills and spend analysis and evaluation of observation, so important in their future practical work. One of the essential parts of the methodical system is an objective quality control of students\’ knowledge. In this regard, the introduction of programmed control at various stages of education has played a positive role. Successful management of educational process, as we know, based on the feedback carried out mainly in the verification process. There are two methods of control of knowledge: the first – the traditional oral questioning (interview), the second objective in writing programmed control (test). We use both methods. Test control has the indisputable advantage and gives the opportunity to harmonize the requirements for students at the same time cover the whole group on a wide range of issues in a fairly short time, and objectively evaluate students\’ responses. The department has developed a test control on all major topics of discipline, which includes the job of the first level are designed for self-students and a source of knowledge control in the beginning of classes. Tests of the second level of complexity designed to control the outcome of knowledge at the end of parsing the theme. Comparative analysis of the oral interview and subsequent computer control showed greater objectivity of the latter. Thus, when an oral examination of positive ratings was 15% more. Apparently, this is due to subjective factors, which are always present when an oral examination. The basis of test on the subject of a written decision to put every student a model of clinical problem. After checking the solution of the problem with each student conducted a personal interview, during which reveals the level of clinical thinking. Overall Assessment of students\’ knowledge consists of a written assessment of the situational problem solving, oral interview, and current progress. For many years the focus of research department was the problem of viral hepatitis . In order to establish criteria for differential diagnosis of acute and chronic hepatitis and to determine indications for various types of therapy were carried out clinical and immunological studies with different variants of disease. These studies allowed to establish the nature of the secondary immune deficiency, the criteria of early diagnosis of chronic hepatitis B and prove the effectiveness of immunomodulatory therapy. At the moment, continues to expand the study of the immunological status of children with severe chronic hepatitis, malignant variants of the disease for the purposes of prognosis and outcome of the pathological process in general. A great contribution to solving this problem is to study various options for chronic hepatitis B in the doctoral dissertation VB Yegorov. The author on a large clinical material studied clinic, morphology, immuno-hormonal relationships and the effectiveness of different therapies for chronic hepatitis. The original scheme of treatment of these patients, proposed a method for treatment of cholestasis syndrome. The same issue was devoted to the dissertation ND Kuvatovoy. Its aim was to study the changes of the thyroid gland in adolescents with viral hepatitis B and their influence on various kinds of exchange to determine the criteria for differential diagnosis, prognosis and the selection of rational treatment schemes. Work has been completed, ETC Prosvirkin on \”Features of clinical and biochemical action etimizola in viral hepatitis in children. The author found some impact etimizola the clinical course of disease, the dynamics of biochemical parameters, and found that etimizol is an adaptogen in an optimal hormonal response of the organism to the disease. However, the scientific interest of the department is not limited to viral hepatitis. Finished SA Larshutina on \”Application of antitoxic protivokoklyushnogo immunoglobulin in the treatment of whooping cough in children. For the first time studied the therapeutic efficacy in the treatment of children with pertussis infection in different variants of the disease and established the high effectiveness of this method of treatment in the absence of side effects. Also, the department shall study the features of hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome in children. This issue was devoted to the study of Mamon, MA, which found the prevalence of the disease in the clinic general toxic syndrome at moderate hemorrhagic and renal manifestations. It is the study of acute phase of HFRS and the development of infectious-toxic shock in this disease was the purpose of work currently performed by the applicant AP Shirayev. Department staff made a significant contribution to the infectious diseases service of the republic. Thus indicators of infectious disease in the Republic of Belarus for many years lower than for Russia. In the republic eliminated diphtheria, polio, measles cases were isolated. Significantly increased levels of immunization coverage of children up to 95%, and reduces infectious morbidity.