Department of Microbiology
Department of Microbiology, founded 70 years ago in the distant pre-war in 1934 by Professor SA Belyavtsevym. At that time the department was placed on Frunze Street, 49 in the Institute of Vaccines and Sera. II Mechnikov. In the future the department before the war led by docents BV Suleimanov, NN Mityukovich, Professor IA Herman.
From August 1941 to 1967 the department was headed honored scientist Professor BASSR NI Melnikov. Nikolai graduated from high school, he studied at the Kiev Institute of Law, had a different foreign languages (German, Greek, Latin) and was highly intelligent specialist. No dissertation in 1936 and received his Ph.D., and during the Great Patriotic War in 1943, defended his doctoral thesis and received the rank of professor. His authority in the institute in those years was unquestioned. NI Melnikov was a member of the Academic Council of the RSFSR Ministry of Health and chairman of the examination commission in Kazan, where many times I went with faithful companion of life Zoya Nikiforovna. For great services to the domestic health care in 1954 was awarded the Order of Lenin. Man open mind, sociable, with good sense of humor, Nikolai Ivanovich was loved by his colleagues and numerous students. His name is entered in the Book of Honor Board of the All-Union Society of epidemiologists, microbiologists and immunologists.
During the war and its aftermath laid the foundation of scientific – research activities of faculty. Even in the 19 century, a remarkable microbiologist, the French explorer Louis Pasteur said, the \”infinitely large role of the infinitesimal creatures. That theme department, chosen by Professor NI Melnikov, 60 years ago: study of the properties of conditional – pathogenic microorganisms, has been unwavering and always relevant. Only \”infinitely small beings\” studied his followers, now headed by Professor Gabidulin ZG in modern molecular – genetic level. For example, since 1945, led by Professor Melnikov been defended 28 theses (including 3-doctoral). Study of the properties of conditionally – pathogenic microbes Nikolai Ivanovich devoted five of his monographs, of which \”Enzymes pathogens and bacteria, written jointly with MG Gimranovym and son VN Melnikov – has become a desktop reference for microbiologists future generations.
From 1967 to 1984, the department was headed pupil NI Melnikova – Honored Scientist BASSR, Professor MG Gimranov. Mansour Gimranovich even before the war ended a medical technical school (1936-1939 Gg.) And enrolled in medical school, but not passed one month, he was drafted into the Soviet Army. In this village was able to return only after five years of front-line injuries and the hospital began work as a deputy chairman of the kolkhoz. But the thirst for learning was stronger than worldly cares, and the young soldier returned to his native institute student on the first course and graduated from high school at the age of 32 years.
According to the memoirs MG Gimranova, «alma mater opened for him a wonderful world of knowledge. Great impression left professors of post-war years, as the solid men of great erudition. \”. Since 1949, MG Gimranov – graduate student of microbiology, who has spent his many years of research studying the properties of the microbe – associates is shown. Under the leadership of MG Gimranova was later protected 6 master\’s theses. Department of the postwar years was not bad equipped with hardware and nutrient media (this is the legacy left after the evacuation of Moscow university). Already in the 50 years, scientists process at the Department of Microbiology in step with the scientific discoveries of those years. Thus, even the elite metropolitan teaching medical colleges are not always able to boast of virological research methods and embedded in practical classes, while both the peripheral Ufa prospective students – microbiologists were infected with virus chicken embryos. Mansour Gimranovich, as dean, introduced the cyclic method of training for junior courses, which helped to keep the staging bacteriology. Also, as his teacher, NI Melnikov, MG Gimranov many years headed the Bashkir Branch of Society of Microbiologists, epidemiologists and parasitologists, who have always been good performance in the work. Mansour Gimranovich intrainstitutional was editor of the newspaper \”For medical personnel, a board member of the Republican Society\” Knowledge \”. During his services, prof. MG Gimranov awarded many orders and medals (the October Revolution, World War, Red Star). Professor Gimranov – a wise and seen a lot of people, an entire \”encyclopedia of life.
In recent decades, the main scientific direction of the department, headed since 1984, Honored Scientists of Belarus, professor Gabidullina Zaynulloy Gaynulovichem was to study the properties of dozens of genera of opportunistic microorganisms in modern molecular-genetic level. The results of research carried out under the supervision of Professor ZG Gabidullina are outlined and summarized in 6 doctoral, 21 master\’s theses, 40 patents and copyright, and presented at international symposia and congresses. The Department of Microbiology: now employs leading specialists, microbiologists: General director of \”Immunopreparat\” Professor Alsynbaev MM, Deputy. Director-General for Science Professor Туйгунов MM, as well as staff clinical bacteriological and immunological laboratories. The Department of Microbiology, established diagnostic laboratory, equipped with the latest scientific equipment for polymerase chain reaction and enzyme-linked immunosorbent analiza.Takim way, there was a full merger of the fundamental knowledge of general biological and medical fields of science of microbiology.
NI Melnikov, MG Gimranov, ZG Gabidullina – these names are familiar to those who received his medical degree at our Bashkir Medical Institute. Only those who had studied with NI Melnikova, had already distinguished veterans, pensioners, students, MG Gimranova – is acting professionals microbiologists, as recognized by the Department of Microbiology of all medical schools of the country school prof. ZG Gabidullina updated with new glorious names of recent students – circle members.
The department works 8 faculty members. All teachers have a degree.
The activities of the Department for Education, Science and Perspective for the coming years.
Department of Microbiology, equipped with teaching aids: a color cable TV for showing educational films and slides for training and monitoring of student knowledge, computers, displays, demonstration equipment.
The department taught elective courses for students and interns Faculty of Pharmacy degree in Physician – clinical laboratory \”and\” Clinical Microbiology \”.
Many employees participate in the work of methodical commissions and councils. As a result of educational-methodical work of the Department of Microbiology has consistently taken a leading position. In the future, the establishment of educational television film by the staff.
Basic research department laid Melnikov NI immediately after the opening of the institute. Subject study opportunistic microorganisms has become a central research topic of many dissertations and monographs issued by the department staff at different periods of its existence. This was made possible thanks to modern equipment department, as well as close-knit work friendly staff members of the Department of Microbiology, which for 17 headed by Professor Gabidullina ZG Professor Gabidullina ZG created a scientific school recognized by the Department of Microbiology of all medical schools of the country. The results of research over the past 10 years, presented and summarized in 3 doctors, 10 Ph.D. theses, 35 patents and copyright, as well as repeatedly presented at international symposia and congresses.
Since 1997, the department established certification refresher courses laboratory doctors degree in Bacteriology. In addition to the basic theoretical training, medical laboratory technicians familiar with the latest techniques: ELISA analysis, polimeraznotsepnoy reaction used for the diagnosis of HIV – infection, hepatitis B and C, chlamydia and mikoplamennoy infection gardnerelleza.
At the department during the years of tradition and successfully operates student research circle. Many undergraduate grow into master\’s theses, and yesterday\’s students – the circle members are the backbone of the department.