Ophthalmology Department, Bashkir State Medical University was established in 1936. The first head of the department became a prominent scientist Professor VI Spassky (he headed the department from 1936 to 1955.). The department was established on the basis of the Bashkir Scientific-Research Institute of trachomatous (1926), whose director was simultaneously Professor VI Spassky until 1944. The main scientific activities of the department were the issues of diagnosis and treatment of trachoma, glaucoma, fungal and viral diseases of the eye, ophthalmic surgery. Creation in 1936 at the Institute of the Department of Eye Diseases BGMI extend the plan for scientific research on the prevalence and clinical trachoma. Spassky VI was first applied research method mikrotrepanatov for early diagnosis of trachoma. His book «My experience of surgical treatment of trachoma» was in those years desktop tutorial Bashkir ophthalmologists. Professor Spassky V.I.vvel in practice as a form of tissue therapy — implantation of preserved fetal tissue — umbilical cord, which was widely used clinically to treat various diseases of eye and its appendages. From 1956 to 1975. ophthalmology department was headed by Honored Scientist of the RSFSR and BASSR Professor GH Kudoyarov. Largest trahomatolog, wonderful clinician, teacher, active, until the last years of his life, he worked at the department and the Ufa Research Institute of Eye Diseases, as its director from 1944 to 1956.
Scientific research, organizational and preventive measures carried out by Professor Kudoyarovym GH, formed the basis for the struggle and the elimination of trachoma, not only in Bashkortostan, but also in other republics and regions of the USSR and abroad. Much attention is paid GH Kudoyarov studying various aspects of viral and fungal diseases of eye, conjunctivitis of different etiologies. Activities surgeon, he has successfully developed the questions of surgical treatment of glaucoma, cataract, cataracts cornea in herpetic keratitis.
Professor Kudoyarov GH — The author of more than 160 scientific papers, he has written four monographs: «Textbook of ophthalmology for nurses», «Biomikroskopicheskie changes in the cornea in trachoma», «Guide to trachoma», «The emergence and course of trachoma. Under the leadership of Hans Kudoyarova written 21 PhD thesis, 3 doctors, created a school of followers, disciples. Professor NA Zavjalova, Professor RG Kudoyarov assistant lecturer Ph.D. RZ Vafina, Professor M. Aznabayev, assistants, MD S. Sunyaev, R. S. Zakirov, F. Z. Nugaeva, MK Karimov, E. Semenov, and many researchers, Ufa Research Institute of Eye Diseases perform research under the guidance of Hans Kudoyarova on a variety areas of ophthalmology.
Staff of the department in 1968
Case GH Kudoyarova and leadership department (1975 — 1986 years.) Continued by his son, Prof. R. Kudoyarov, Honored Doctor of the RSFSR, Doctor of Medical Sciences.
RG Kudoyarov in their research activities focused on the epidemiology and vaccine trachoma. These questions focused on his doctoral dissertation. Under the guidance of RG Kudoyarova the department implemented the following topics:
1. Study of pathogenetic factors in clinical and epidemiological characteristics of viral and other diseases of the eye. 1976 — 1980 years. (Professor, Department of NA Zavjalova assistant lecturer, PhD. Honey. Nugaeva Sciences F. Z., S. Sunyaev, E. Semenov).
2. Development of integrated methods of clinical and laboratory diagnosis, treatment and prevention of mycosis of the eye. 1981 — 1985 years. (Associated, Cand. Med. Sciences MK Karimov).
3. Development and evaluation of the effectiveness of methods of prevention and rehabilitation of low vision and blindness in glaucoma. 1983 — 1985 years. (NA Zavyalova, S. Sunyaev, R. Zakirov, Z. J. Enikeeva).
4. Development of preventive and therapeutic measures in view of organ damage in agricultural production. 1984 — 1987 years. (F. Z. Nugaeva, RS Zakirov, S. Sunyaev, E. Semenova, Z. J. Enikeeva).
5. The influence of oil on the organ of vision. 1976 (AH Giniatullina, S. Sunyaev).
In 1981, the department staff and the Ufa Research Institute of Eye Diseases, RG Kudoyarovym, MT Aznabaevym, F.SH. Kurbanaevoy were developed at the request of Ministry of Health of the USSR, recommendations on ways to complete elimination of trachoma and blindness of her throughout the world, which were presented at the WHO conference in Geneva. Research on this issue were summarized in 2 doctoral and 14 master’s theses.
During 1975 — 1986 years. staff of the Department is protected by two Ph.D. dissertation: FZ Nugaeva and RS Zakirov on surgical treatment of the effects of eye injuries. Issued 4 guidelines, 56 scientific papers, received 3 inventor’s certificates, a diploma of the Presidium of the Board of the All-Union Scientific Society of Ophthalmologists of the best research paper «On prevention of herpetic keratitis (RG Kudoyarov, S. Sunyaev, 1976). Original methods revaskulyariziruyuschih operations for glaucoma and pigmentary abiotrophy.
From 1987 to the present time of ophthalmology department is headed by Honored Scientist of Russia and Belarus, Honoured Doctor of the RSFSR and BASSR, MD, professor, academician of the Academy of Sciences of Belarus M. Aznabayev.
MT Aznabayev — student of Professor GH Kudoyarova and academician SN Fedorova, graduated from the department internship and graduate school, was an assistant and associate professor of the department. Professor M. Aznabayev appointed in 1980 director of the Ufa Research Institute of Eye Diseases (1980-2006 Gg.), Which today is the center of eye science in the Urals region.
In 1987, MT Aznabaevym defended his doctoral dissertation on the topic: «New methods and effectiveness of Microsurgery of cataracts in children», developed by modern methods and tools of surgery of congenital abnormalities of the lens, the first substantiated early (for children 2-3-week-old), surgical intervention for congenital cataract. Achieved high functional results at surgery, and the subsequent correction of this pathology in infants (neonatal period). A new trend in children’s ophthalmic surgery, developed a number of new tools and equipment for micro-eyes.
In 1995 he was elected a full member of the Academy of Sciences of the Republic of Bashkortostan. Professor MT Aznabayev — Honored Worker of Science of Belarus and Russia, Honored Doctor of Belarus and Russia, was awarded: Order of the Honor Russia, Salavat Yulayev «,» Honor and Glory. » He is the author of 498 scientific papers, 15 books, more than 127 inventions, 144 guidelines. Under his leadership reserved 6 doctoral and 43 master’s theses. They created Ufa Scientific School children ophthalmologists. Edited by academician RB MT Aznabaeva out Russian-Bashkir Dictionary of medical terms in 2007 (840 pages) and Russian-Bashkir dictionary of ophthalmology terms in 2004 (111 pages). MT Aznabayev is the editor of the journal «Problems of Ophthalmology, a member of the editorial board of 5 medical journals. Professor MT Aznabayev elected a member of the Presidium of the Board of the Association of Russian ophthalmologists and chairs the Association of Ophthalmologists of the Republic of Bashkortostan.
Staff of the department in 1990 [/ b] [/ center]
Since 1998, in the ophthalmology department of ophthalmology course is open IPO for the purpose of postgraduate training of ophthalmologists, who in 2002 was organized as a separate department — with the rate of Ophthalmology Otorhinolaryngology IPO, headed by a Professor BM Aznabaev.V 1998 reactivated the Association of Ophthalmologists of the Republic of Bashkortostan. Work at the Department: Semenova Elena MD, assistant professor
Semenova EN graduated from the Medical Faculty of the Bashkir State Medical Institute in 1971 with honors. As the distribution was sent to the Ufa Research Institute of Eye Diseases MZ RSFSR. From 1971 to 1972g.g. — Ophthalmologist in virological department, from 1972 to 1981. — Junior Researcher, from 1981 to 1987. — Senior research fellow of medical rehabilitation of persons with injuries of the eye of the Ufa Research Institute of Eye Diseases MZ RSFSR.
In 1978, she graduated from correspondence postgraduate study at the Institute of Virology im.D.I.Ivanovskogo Academy of Medical Sciences. In 1981. defended her thesis on the topic: «The etiological diagnosis and therapy of chlamydial, and herpetic eye diseases.» From 01.06.1987 to 25.02.1992 he was. — Assistant of the Department of Ophthalmology BGMI from 25/02/1992 till present — Associate Professor of the same department. The main direction of scientific activity Semenova EN — «Development of reconstructive surgery of the anterior eye. Total has published 102 scientific works, over the past 5 years — 12 papers, 8 patents of Russia for the invention.
Performs the methodical work of the department, giving lectures on all sections of Ophthalmology, conducts workshops and has all the years full workload, participates in the preparation of teaching materials and mezhkafedralnyh programs. Batyrshin Rinat Avhadeevich MD, assistant professor of
Batyrshin RA graduated from the Medical Faculty of the Bashkir State Medical Institute in 1974. Was an intern with a degree in ophthalmology «in Ufa Research Institute of Eye Diseases MZ RSFSR. From 1975 to 1977. — Ophthalmologist Chishminskaya District Hospital, from 1977 to 1978 .. — Chief doctor Bulgakov’s Hospital, from 1978 to 1981. — Post-graduate courses at the Department of Pathological Anatomy BGMI.
From 1983 to 2002. — Assistant of the Department of Ophthalmology BGMI, from 2002 to present — Associate Professor of the same department.
In 2000 he defended his thesis on the topic: «The study of microcirculation eyes of patients with HFRS. Total has 39 published scientific works, over the past 5 years — 12 papers, 4 patents of Russia for the invention.
Batyrshin RA — Skilled clinician, has a higher qualifying category ophthalmologist, a lot of consults, classes with specialized doctors in refresher courses, lectures. Avhadeeva Svetlana Rudolfovna MD, PhD, Department
Assistant Professor in 2001. The main direction of scientific activity — questions congenital eye diseases in children. Zagidullin Aigul Shamilyevna MD, PhD, Department
Assistant Professor in 2002.
The main direction of scientific activity — the study of the effects of eye injuries, the development of new methods of diagnosis and treatment of eye injuries.
Gazizova ILMIR Rifovna MD Assistant lecturer
Assistant Professor from 2002 goda.Osnovnye direction of scientific activity — the creation of new medicines, the development of reconstructive surgery of the anterior eye Enikeeva Zukhra Hamitovna
Assistant kafedryOsnovnye direction of scientific activity — treatment of inflammatory diseases of the anterior segment of the eyeball. Has the highest qualification category physician ophthalmologist, long-term experience of more than 30 years. Today the department — this is unique methods of microsurgical operations, high professionalism and wide scientific authority. Head of the Department Academician of Belarus, Professor Marat Talgatovich Aznabayev headed research to develop the foundations of children’s ophthalmology, medical and social rehabilitation of persons with residual vision, prevention of low vision. Staff of the department is addressing issues of congenital eye disease (Prof. M. Aznabayev, Cand. Honey. Avhadeeva sciences SR), injuries (Candidate honey. A.Sh. Zagidullin Sciences), the creation of new medicines (Candidate med. Science I. R. Gazizova), tools, introducing new laser mikroendoskopy in the treatment of glaucoma, obstruction of lacrimal (Prof. BM Aznabayev), modern cataract extraction (phacoemulsification) (Prof. M. Aznabayev, Prof. . Aznabayev BM), refractive surgery on the cornea, keratoplasty, implantation of artificial lens (prof.M.T. Aznabayev, prof. Aznabayev BM, Professor E. Semenova, A. Sh assistants Zagidullin, AND . Gazizova R.), developed problems of regional pathology — eye lesions in hemorrhagic fever (Prof. M. Aznabayev, Assoc. Batyrshin R., Assoc. Sahautdinova GV), are improving clinical and laboratory diagnosis and treatment of complications forms of chlamydial conjunctivitis (Prof. M. Aznabayev, PhD. honey. sciences EA Latypova).
Staff of the department has a good microclimate, hardworking, has the potential for successful teaching, research and clinical work, retains and develops the best traditions of his teachers and his predecessors. Educational-methodical work of the department. Many years at the department have traditionally provided a high level of teaching specialization in ophthalmology «in all faculties Medical University (medical, pediatric, dental, medical and preventive), a full range of educational and methodical documentation, including work programs for all faculties and their own, by staff of the department, teaching aids for all sections of the private and general ophthalmology. The experience and pedagogical skills of the faculty of this department will raise the educational process to a qualitatively new level, providing it with methodological innovations. Introduced into the educational process of modern technical means of teaching: training and supervising computer programs used instructional videos, feature information booths, digital presentations, reference information system «Medline» data «Internet». For courses use the latest diagnostic and treatment equipment. Students get acquainted with new technologies for the production of contact and intraocular lenses, transplants and drugs for ophthalmology. Active work on students’ scientific society in the department for many years in a row young scientists win prizes at scientific conferences, both at the national and international. The Department continues to improve all parts of its activities in accordance with the requirements of the time. The joint work of the department of ophthalmology and BSMU UfNII eye diseases. [/ Center]
According to the order MZ RSFSR of 09.09.1986, with 1987 on the basis of the Ufa Research Institute of Eye Diseases and Department of Ophthalmology, Bashkir State Medical University was established on the functional basis of scientific and educational association for the practice of ophthalmology. Combining organized for effectiveness research, broadening and deepening the work under a single program, to accelerate the introduction of science into practice and collaborative pedagogical, organizational and methodological work, it has united forces of the institute and the department. The staff associations to resolve issues of congenital abnormalities of eyes, with industrial and agricultural injuries organ of vision, viral eye diseases, the creation of new medicines, advanced microsurgical instruments and devices.
The first results of the association have shown great potential and advantages of such an alliance in the development of skilled personnel, research, logistical equipment. The clinical base association is 360 beds. All departments and operations equipped with modern equipment, operating microscopes of various foreign companies, mikroinstrumentariem, there is the newest medical and diagnostic equipment, laser systems, a study of electrophysiological studies.
Together with the Ufa Institute of Eye Diseases for the past 5 years been more than 15 cycles of training physicians in microsurgery, 10 scientific-practical conferences, 3 All-Russian seminar.
Therapeutic and advisory work. [/ Center]
Employees of the department implemented modern methods of diagnosis and treatment of various eye diseases. Widely introduced artificial lens implantation, keratoplasty and keratoprosthetics, iridoplastika, vitrectomy, lensektomiya operations in glaucoma, retinal detachment, myopia, reconstructive surgery for injuries of eye and their implications. Achieved high functional results in the treatment of the above-mentioned diseases. The introduction of scientific achievements in health care practice led to a medico-social rehabilitation of working this group of patients, has brought significant economic benefit. Over the past five years, staff of the Department of Ophthalmology received 54 invention certificates, issued in 1925 guidelines, 186 scientific articles.
Repeatedly staff of the department traveled not only in the regions of the republic, but in the regions of Russia and abroad with the provision of practical, organizational, methodological and advisory assistance, comprehensive inspections and to introduce new methods of prevention of eye injuries, first aid treatment of injuries of the eye, conservative and surgical treatment of eye diseases. For many years, provide practical eye care residents Sterlitamak area.
In the future, the department will continue its work on creating new microsurgical instruments, new drugs, development of new institutional arrangements for the rehabilitation of blindness and low vision.